How wildlife outside protected areas responds to climate extremes


In the following article are deeply explained different episodes and researches about climate change and extreme weather events impact on India’s wildlife, both within and outside protected areas, causing big issues to the different species.

Since global climate change has the potential to influence extreme weather (flooding, drought, hurricanes, and tsunamis) around the world, according to experts, understanding wildlife response to extreme weather events can inform conservation efforts. Understanding traditions of coexistence outside protected areas and sustaining these traditions are crucial to cushion the impacts of severe weather on wildlife. Urban habitats outside protected areas can be considered as refuges for protecting ‘holy’ and commensal species.

The global attention on climate change and severe weather impacts on wildlife and biodiversity also resonate in the latest edition of India’s National Wildlife Action Plan 2017-2031 (NWAP). The plan underscores that species will need to disperse to more suitable habitats in response to climate change and calls for climate change adaptation, disaster risk reduction in the management planning process and assisted migration of wildlife in tune with climate change. India’s policies about climate change and extreme weather events and their integration with research and actions (such as setting up alert systems) need attention to be implemented.

Understanding how wildlife responds to severe weather conditions, such as sheltering in human-dominated landscapes, can inform conservation actions. A landscape-level approach to conservation also enables species to disperse during extreme weather events. Impact of extreme weather events on invasive species needs improved monitoring.

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